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HUD Reference

Last updated by Michiel Hendriks, major v3323 update. Previously updated by Chris Linder (DemiurgeStudios?). Original author was Chris Linder (chris@demiurgestudios.com) (DemiurgeStudios?); please feel free to send suggestions or comments.

Intro

Despite the size of this document, the HUD is not that complicated. You will spend most of your time working with the HUD in the DrawHUD function. Here you will uses Canvas functions to draw on the HUD. Also remember that pawns have their own DrawHud(...) function that will be called before the normal DrawHUD(...) function and you can use this to add specialized things to a given pawns HUD. Other than that you might want to check out the slightly old HeadsUpDisplayTutorial which goes over the HUD on a higher level than this reference.

Structs

ConsoleMessage

  struct native ConsoleMessage
  {
     var string Text;
     var color TextColor;
     var float MessageLife;
     var PlayerReplicationInfo PRI;
  };
  

This is the structure used to store messages queued with the Message function.

HUDLocalizedMessage

  struct HUDLocalizedMessage
  {
      var class<LocalMessage> Message;
      var String StringMessage;
      var int Switch;
      var PlayerReplicationInfo RelatedPRI, RelatedPRI2;
      var Object OptionalObject;
      var float EndOfLife;
      var float LifeTime;
  
      var Font StringFont;
      var Color DrawColor;
      var EDrawPivot DrawPivot;
      var LocalMessage.EStackMode StackMode;
      var float PosX, PosY;
      var float DX, DY;
  
      var bool Drawn;
  };
  

This is used for localized messages. HUD.uc does not uses localized messages but HUDBase.uc does so you can look there for an example if you want to use them. Also see CopyMessage and ClearMessage.

Because the HUD class doesn't use this struct it has been moved to HUDBase in v3323.

Variables

Used Variables

Misc:

PlayerController PlayerOwner always the actual owner
Pawn PawnOwner will be set to the viewtarget of the PlayerOwner for easy reference (v3323 and up)
PlayerReplicationInfo PawnOwnerPRI set to the PRI of the PawnOwner, if it doesn't have any it will be set to the PRI of the PlayerOwner (v3323)
Console PlayerConsole the console of the PlayerOwner (v3323)
ScoreBoard Scoreboard used for drawing the scoreboard
Scoreboard LocalStatsScreen used for ingame stats (v3323)
Actor VoteMenu hook for mod authors (v3323)

Settings:

globalconfig float HudCanvasScale Specifies amount of screen-space to use (for TV's). This is only used for drawing messages; it does not scale everything.
globalconfig float HudScale Global Scale for all widgets (v3323)
globalconfig float HudOpacity make everything transparent (v3323)

Flags:

bool bHideHUD when true, neither ScoreBoard.DrawScoreboard(...) nor DrawHUD(...), nor DrawSpectatingHud(...) are called
bool bShowScoreBoard if false, the ScoreBoard is not drawn, pre-v3323 this variable was called bShowScores
bool bShowLocalStats Show the local player stats (v3323)
bool bShowDebugInfo if true, debugging info is drawn. See ShowDebug for more details.
bool bHideCenterMessages don't draw centered messages (screen center being used)
bool bBadConnectionAlert display warning about bad connection
config bool bMessageBeep when you get a message, it beeps
globalconfig bool bShowWeaponInfo Show information about the current weapon (v3323)
globalconfig bool bShowPersonalInfo Show personal info like armor and health (v3323)
globalconfig bool bShowPoints Show the players score (v3323)
globalconfig bool bShowWeaponBar Show the weapon information bar (v3323)
globalconfig bool bCrosshairShow Show the crosshair (v3323)
globalconfig bool bShowPortrait Show the player portrait of the chatting player. (v3323)
globalconfig bool bShowPortraitVC Show portrait for voice chat. (v3323)
globalconfig bool bNoEnemyNames Show enemy names (v3323) todo: ??
globalconfig bool bSmallWeaponBar Use a smaller weapon bar (v3323)
bool bShowVoteMenu Show the voting menu (for map\kick voting) (v3323)

Progress Messages (see DisplayProgressMessage):

localized string ProgressFontName name of progress font
Font ProgressFontFont font itself
float ProgressFadeTime time for font fade
Color MOTDColor Progress Font Color

Action Messages (see PrintActionMessage): Some of these variables have been moved (and renamed) to HudBase and others have completely been removed from the HUD class in v3323.

localized string LoadingMessage loading message
localized string SavingMessage saving message
localized string ConnectingMessage connecting message
localized string PausedMessage pause message
localized string PrecachingMessage precaching message

Console Messages (see Message):

globalconfig int ConsoleMessageCount The number of messages queued with the Message function to be displayed.
ConsoleMessage TextMessages[8] This is the queue of messages queued with the Message call.
float ConsoleMessagePosX, ConsoleMessagePosY These are ratios of screen size of where the messages queued with Message will be drawn.

Fonts:

font SmallFont Small system font (up to v3323)
font MedFont Medium system font (up to v3323)
font BigFont Big system font (up to v3323)
font LargeFont Largest system font (up to v3323)
localized string FontArrayNames[9] This is an array or font names with each larger index assumed to be smaller font.
Font FontArrayFonts[9] This is the array of fonts specified by FontArrayNames.
globalconfig int ConsoleFontSize The default index for the FontArrayNames if the canvas is <= 640 in width. Large indices will be used if the canvas is larger. The assumption is that larger indices have larger fonts. See LoadFont for more details.
int FontScreenWidthMedium[9] This is a list you should fill in with the screen widths that are appropriate for each index of the FontArrayFonts for medium sized fonts.
int FontScreenWidthSmall[9] This is a list you should fill in with the screen widths that are appropriate for each index of the FontArrayFonts for small fonts.

Cinematics (v3323 and up):

SceneSubtitles SubTitles Used by HudBase to display subtitles during a cinematic.
array Overlays Overlays that are draw when the HUD is in cinematic mode. See DrawCinematicHUD

Unused Variables

string HUDConfigWindowType ?
HUD nextHUD list of huds which render to the canvas
Color ConsoleColor this looks like it does something and it is used in many cases but secretly, it does nothing because the value is always overwritten
globalconfig int MessageFontOffset ?

Voice chat (all are set natively) (v3323 and up):

const float LastVoiceGain  
const float LastVoiceGainTime  
int LastPlayerIDTalking  
const float LastPlayerIDTalkingTime  

Exec Functions

GrowHUD

exec function GrowHUD()

Show more details on the HUD. The details have the following order (from most important to least important):

  1. bShowWeaponInfo
  2. bShowPersonalInfo
  3. bShowPoints
  4. bShowWeaponBar
  5. bSmallWeaponBar

(v3323 and up).

NextStats

exec function NextStats()

Shows the next local stats screen. (v3323 and up)

ShowHud

exec function ShowHud()

Toggles bShowHud and saves the current configuration. (v3323 and up)

ShowScores

exec function ShowScores()

ShowScores toggles the showing of the Scoreboard.

ShowStats

exec function ShowStats()

Toggles the bShowLocalStats variable to display local stats. (v3323 and up)

ShowDebug

exec function ShowDebug()

ShowDebug toggles the showing of debug information. This information includes that which is displayed in the PlayerOwner.ViewTarget.DisplayDebug(...) function as well as that which is displayed in the DrawRoute() function.

ShrinkHUD

exec function ShrinkHUD()

Show less details. (v3323 and up)

Events

AnnouncementPlayed

event AnnouncementPlayed( Name AnnouncerSound, byte Switch )

Stub. This is used by the Assault gametype in UT2004 to update\show the the next objective list. (v3323)

ConnectFailure

event ConnectFailure(string FailCode, string URL)

This event should be called when the client fails to connect to a server. The only problem is that the line in C++ that calls this event is commented out in 2110 with a "// @@FixMeJoe" tag. Since v2226 this event is no longer used. In v3323 the ConnectFailure event of the Console is called when the connection failed.

ShowUpgradeMenu

event ShowUpgradeMenu()

This event is called when the engine version is less than the MinNetVer of the server you are trying to connect with. This function as been removed in v3323, the upgrade notice is now properly handled through the ConnectFailure event in the console.

WorldSpaceOverlays

simulated event WorldSpaceOverlays()

This event is called from C++ when it is appropriate to draw overlays in world space. It is from this function that Draw3DLine should be called. WorldSpaceOverlays calls DrawRoute if bShowDebugInfo is true and there is a view target.

Delegates

Only available in v3323 and up

OnBuildMOTD

delegate OnBuildMOTD(HUD Sender)

Called when building the message of the day

OnPostRender

delegate OnPostRender(HUD Sender, Canvas C)

Called when PostRender is finished.

Functions

AddHudOverlay

simulated function AddHudOverlay(HudOverlay Overlay)

Add a new HudOverlay to the Overlays list. (v3323 and up)

AddTextMessage

function AddTextMessage(string M, class MessageClass, PlayerReplicationInfo PRI)

This function is called by Message to add messages to the queue that DisplayMessages draws.

BuildMOTD

simulated function BuildMOTD()

Constructs the message of the day from the GameReplicationInfo and sets it to the MOTD array. Before the MOTD is build the OnBuildMOTD() delegate is called. (v3323 and up)

CanvasDrawActors

function CanvasDrawActors( Canvas C, bool bClearedZBuffer )

Specific function to use Canvas.DrawActor(). Clear Z-Buffer once, prior to rendering all actors. (v3323 and up)

ClearMessage

function ClearMessage(out HUDLocalizedMessage M)

This function clears out a HUDLocalizedMessage.

CopyMessage

function CopyMessage(out HUDLocalizedMessage M1, HUDLocalizedMessage M2)

This function copies HUDLocalizedMessage M2 into M1.

CreateKeyMenus

simulated function CreateKeyMenus()

Stub. This is used by HudBase to spawn the vote menu. The function is called from PostBeginPlay. (v3323 and up)

DisplayBadConnectionAlert

function DisplayBadConnectionAlert()

This function is called when the connection is bad. You are intended to implement this function; it is not yet implemented.

DisplayHit

function DisplayHit(vector HitDir, int Damage, class damageType)

Calls PlayerOwner.ClientFlash(...) , used for a visual hit notification. (v3323 and up).

DisplayMessages

function DisplayMessages(Canvas C)

This function does that actual work for displaying the messages created with Message. This is called from PostRender.

DisplayProgressMessage

simulated function DisplayProgressMessage(Canvas C)

This function displays the current progress messages, set in PlayerController by the SetProgressMessage(...) function. There are 4 possible lines of progress messages. These messages fade after ProgressTimeOut has elapsed from the start of the level or since the last time SetProgressTime(...) in PlayerController was called.

Draw3DLine

native final function Draw3DLine(vector Start, vector End, color LineColor)

This draws a line in 3D. This is used in the DrawRoute() function to draw paths for example. This function should be used when the engine calls the event WorldSpaceOverlays().

DrawCanvasLine

native final function DrawCanvasLine(float X1, float Y1, float X2, float Y2, color LineColor)

A shorthand for calling DrawLine(...) in the canvas of the viewport of the player owner. (v3323 and up)

DrawCinematicHUD

simulated function DrawCinematicHUD( Canvas C )

Called when viewing a Matinee cinematic. This render additional overlays. This is called by PostRender() only when PlayerOwner.bViewingMatineeCinematic is true. (v3323 and up)

DrawCrosshair

simulated function DrawCrosshair(Canvas C)

Stub. Used for drawing the weapon crosshair. In HudBase this is called from the DrawInstructionGfx() function. (v3323 and up.)

DrawCustomBeacon

function DrawCustomBeacon(Canvas C, Pawn P, float ScreenLocX, float ScreenLocY)

Draws a player beacon (player name and the texture from PlayerOwner.TeamBeaconTexture ) on the canvas for pawn P and the location (ScreenLocX, ScreenLocY) . (v3323 and up)

DrawInstructionGfx

simulated function DrawInstructionGfx( Canvas C )

Stub. Called in PostRender when !bHideHud and PawnOwner None= . (v3323 and up)

DrawHUD

function DrawHUD(canvas Canvas);

This function is called from PostRender when it is appropriate to draw the HUD. You are intended to implement this function; it is not yet implemented.

DrawLevelAction

function bool DrawLevelAction( canvas C )

This draws messages for level loading, saving, connecting to a server, and precaching. It also draws the pause message.

DrawRoute

simulated function DrawRoute()

This function is useful for debugging AIs. It will show where the AIs are focusing in red, their current path in green, and their current path segment in white.

DrawSpectatingHud

function DrawSpectatingHud (Canvas C)

This function is called from PostRender when:

  ( (PlayerOwner == None) ||
    (P == None) ||
    (P.PlayerReplicationInfo == None) ||
    PlayerOwner.IsSpectating() )
  

and bHideHud is false. You are intended to implement this function; it is not yet implemented.

DrawTypingPrompt

simulated function DrawTypingPrompt (Canvas C, String Text, optional int Pos)

Draw a tiny console at ConsoleMessagePosX and ConsoleMessagePosY. (v3323 and up).

Called by PostRender when ((PlayerConsole None) && PlayerConsole.bTyping)=

FadeZoom

function FadeZoom()=

Stub. To be used to create initiate a zoom effect between a weapon zoom and the normal HUD. (v3323)

GetConsoleFont

static function font GetConsoleFont(Canvas C)

This returns fonts with higher indices based on how large the screen is. It does this by calling LoadFontStatic. The assumption is that fonts with higher indices are larger.

GetFontSizeIndex

function Font GetFontSizeIndex(Canvas C, int FontSize)

Load a font with a certain size. The canvas size increases the FontSize. (v3323 and up)

GetLocalStatsScreen

function GetLocalStatsScreen()

Stub. This function should spawn and set the LocalStatsScreen variable when needed. (v3323 and up)

GetMediumFont

function Font GetMediumFont( float Size )

Just like GetMediumFontFor() except that Size is used instead of Canvas.ClipX (v3323 and up).

GetMediumFontFor

static function Font GetMediumFontFor(Canvas Canvas)

Much like GetConsoleFont, this function returns higher index fonts the larger the screen is. The assumption is that fonts with higher indices are larger.

IsInCinematic

function bool IsInCinematic()

Stub. Should return true when a cinematic\matinee is played back. Use this to prevent certain actions while a cinemtic is being played. (v3323 and up).

LargerFontThan

static function Font LargerFontThan(Font aFont)

This function should return a font that is larger than the given font assuming that fonts with higher indices are larger. It does not however. It returns a font that is 4 indices smaller than the given font. If the given font is not found in the font list, this function returns font index 5.

LinkActors

simulated function LinkActors()

Called by PostBeginPlay and the beginning of PostRender to assign the PlayerOwner, PlayerConsole, PawnOwner, PawnOwnerPRI variables. (v3323 and up).

LoadFont

simulated function Font LoadFont(int i)

This loads the i th font specified by the font names in FontArrayNames if it is not already loaded. This function loads the font based on the current version of FontArrayNames into the current version of FontArrayFonts. LoadFont then returns the requested font.

LoadFontStatic

static function Font LoadFontStatic(int i)

This loads the i th font specified by the font names in FontArrayNames if it is not already loaded. This static function loads the font based on the default version of FontArrayNames into the default version of FontArrayFonts. LoadFontStatic then returns the requested font.

LoadProgressFont

simulated function font LoadProgressFont()

This function loads the font specified by ProgressFontName if it is not already loaded. If the font specified by ProgressFontName could not found, a warning is logged and the default font is loaded instead. LoadProgressFont then returns that font.

LocalizedMessage

  simulated function LocalizedMessage (
      class<LocalMessage> Message,
      optional int Switch,
      optional PlayerReplicationInfo RelatedPRI_1,
      optional PlayerReplicationInfo RelatedPRI_2,
      optional Object OptionalObject,
      optional string CriticalString
  );
  

This function deals with a localized message and is called from ClientReceive(...) in LocalMessage.uc which is called from ReceiveLocalizedMessage(...) in PlayerController.uc. It is not implemented in HUD.uc but you can look at WarfareHUD.uc for an example.

Message

simulated function Message( PlayerReplicationInfo PRI, coerce string Msg, name MsgType )

Message adds a message to the displayed message queue. This message will be displayed until it times out or other messages force it out of the queue. The messages will start drawing based on ConsoleMessagePosX and ConsoleMessagePosY which are ratios of screen size. The message queue size is four and the messages will scroll up.

PlayReceivedMessage

simulated function PlayReceivedMessage( string S, string PName, ZoneInfo PZone )

PlayReceivedMessage ignores PName and PZone and just calls PlayerOwner.ClientMessage(S). If bMessageBeep is true, a beep will happen.

PostRender

simulated event PostRender( canvas Canvas )

PostRender is called from C++ when the HUD should be drawn. This function draws many things. First, the pawn's weapon overlays are drawn if there is a pawn and weapon. Next, DisplayMessages(...) is called to display the messages queued up with the Message(...) function. Several things are drawn for game and level state and then the pawn's DrawHUD(...) function is called if its bSpecialHUD is true and the player is not bBehindView. Next, if bShowDebugInfo is true in the HUD, PlayerOwner.ViewTarget.DisplayDebug(...) is called. Now, if bHideHud is not true, either the ScoreBoard or some sort of HUD will be drawn. In most cases DrawHUD(...) will be called but in some cases, if the player is spectating for example, DrawSpectatingHud(...) will be called. After this the player's overlays are drawn and last but not least movies are drawn on the HUD.

PrintActionMessage

function PrintActionMessage( Canvas C, string BigMessage )

PrintActionMessage will print a centered message on the HUD. Right now, for example, it is used by DrawLevelAction(...) to inform the user that he or she is loading a level or connecting to a sever.

No longer available in v3323.

RemoveHudOverlay

simulated function RemoveHudOverlay(HudOverlay Overlay)

Remove a HudOverlay from the Overlays list. (v3323 and up)

SetCropping

simulated function SetCropping( bool Active )

Stub. Not used? (v3323 and up).

SetScoreBoardClass

simulated function SetScoreBoardClass (class ScoreBoardClass)

Destroys the current scoreboard and spawn the new scoreboard defined by ScoreBoardClass. This function is called by the PlayerController in the function ClientSetHUD(...). This function replaces the SpawnScoreBoard function used in earlier version. (v3323 and up).

SetTargeting

simulated function SetTargeting( bool bShow, optional Vector TargetLocation, optional float Size )

Stub. Should be used to set up targetting information. For example, this is used in UT2004 to show a pass target for the ball launcher in the Bombing run gametype. (v3323 and up).

SpawnScoreBoard

function SpawnScoreBoard(class ScoringType)

This function spawns the ScoreBoard based on ScoringType. The ScoreBoard is drawn instead of the normal HUD if bShowScores is true. Obsolete and removed in v3323 see SetScoreBoardClass for the replacement function.

StaticDrawCanvasLine

native static final function StaticDrawCanvasLine( Canvas C, float X1, float Y1, float X2, float Y2, color LineColor )

Calls C.DrawLine(...) (v3323 and up)

UseHugeFont

function UseHugeFont(Canvas Canvas)

Sets the canvas to use LargeFont. Removed in v3323 and up.

UseLargeFont

function UseLargeFont(Canvas Canvas)

Sets the canvas to use BigFont if the canvas is <= 640 across or LargeFont otherwise. Removed in v3323 and up.

UseMediumFont

function UseMediumFont(Canvas Canvas)

Sets the canvas to use MedFont if the canvas is <= 640 across or BigFont otherwise. Removed in v3323 and up.

UseSmallFont

function UseSmallFont(Canvas Canvas)

Sets the canvas to use SmallFont if the canvas is <= 640 across or MedFont otherwise. Removed in v3323 and up.

Functions that are not implemented.

CheckCountdown

function CheckCountdown(GameReplicationInfo GRI);

This is called from PostRender(...) every frame. Maybe you should check some sort of countdown here.

Functions that are not called.

ProcessKeyEvent

function bool ProcessKeyEvent( int Key, int Action, FLOAT Delta )

This function is never called. It passes the ProcessKeyEvent to the NextHUD if there is one and if not returns false.

This function no longer exists in v3323 and up.

Functions that are neither Implemented nor Called.

PlayStartupMessage

function PlayStartupMessage(byte Stage)

This function is neither implemented nor called. It seems you would put some sort of startup message here. And then call it yourself. Removed in v3323 and up/

DisplayPortrait

function DisplayPortrait(PlayerReplicationInfo PRI)

This function is neither implemented nor called. Presumably you would want to display some sort of portrait here.

DrawTargeting

simulated function DrawTargeting( Canvas C )

This function is neither implemented nor called. Maybe targeting would be something worthwhile to do in this function.

SetInstructionKeyText

simulated function SetInstructionKeyText( string text )

Stub, never used. (v3323 and up)

SetInstructionText

simulated function SetInstructionText( string text )

Stub, never used. (v3323 and up)